oxygenous

ox·y·gen (ŏk’sĭ-jən)
n. Symbol O A nonmetallic element constituting 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume that occurs as a diatomic gas, O2, and in many compounds such as water and silica, and in iron ore. It combines with most elements, is essential for plant and animal respiration, and is required for nearly all combustion. Ozone, O3, is an allotrope of this element. Atomic number 8; atomic weight 15.9994; melting point -218.79°C; boiling point -182.9°C; gas density at 0°C 1.429 grams per liter; valence 2. See PERIODIC TABLE(Cf. ↑Periodic Table).
[French oxygène : Greek oxus, sharp, acid; see ak- + French -gène, -gen.]
ox′y·gen’ic (-jĕn’ĭk) adj. ox′y·gen’i·cal·ly adv. ox·yg’e·nous (ŏk-sĭj’ə-nəs) adj.
Word History: One of the most important substances on earth is misnamed. The word oxygen is the Anglicized form of French oxygène, the name for the element proposed in a work entitled Méthode de nomenclature chimique (1787) by a collaborative of chemists including Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, Louis Bernard de Guyton de Morveau, Claude Louis Berthollet, and Antoine François de Fourcroy. (Oxygen had been discovered a few years before by Joseph Priestley in 1774, and he had called the gas dephlogisticated air.) The same publication also introduced the French words that were soon adopted into English as hydrogen and sodium chloride (common salt), among other terms commonly used in chemistry. The French word oxygène was intended to mean "acid-producing," from the Greek word oxus, "sharp," used in the sense "acid," and the Greek suffix -genes, "born," misinterpreted as "producing." At the time oxygen was thought to be an essential component of an acid. Although this is not the case, the name oxygen has persisted for the element.

Word Histories. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oxygenous — Ox*yg e*nous, a. Oxygenic. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • oxygenous — See oxygenic. * * * …   Universalium

  • oxygenous — adj. of oxygen, containing oxygen …   English contemporary dictionary

  • oxygenous — ox·yg·e·nous …   English syllables

  • oxygenous — (ˈ)äk|sijənəs adjective : oxygenic …   Useful english dictionary

  • oxygenous compound — deguoninis junginys statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Junginys, kurio molekulėje yra deguonies. atitikmenys: angl. oxygen compound; oxygenous compound rus. кислородное соединение; кислородсодержащее …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • non-oxygenous refractories — Смотри бескислородные огнеупоры …   Энциклопедический словарь по металлургии

  • RNA world hypothesis — A comparison of RNA (left) with DNA (right), showing the helices and nucleobases each employs. The RNA world hypothesis proposes that life based on ribonucleic acid (RNA) pre dates the current world of life based on deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA),… …   Wikipedia

  • Abiogenesis — Primordial soup redirects here. For the board game, see Primordial Soup (board game). Origin of life redirects here. For views on the origins of life outside the natural sciences, see Creation myth. Pre Cambrian stromatolites in the Siyeh… …   Wikipedia

  • oxygen — oxygenic /ok si jen ik/, oxygenous /ok sij euh neuhs/, adj. oxygenicity /ok si jeuh nis i tee/, n. /ok si jeuhn/, n. Chem. a colorless, odorless, gaseous element constituting about one fifth of the volume of the atmosphere and present in a… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.